Islamic Terrorism is commonly considered the greatest threat to European security today. This is due to many factors, external and internal to the European Union or even the European regional area. In my opinion, this is the most famous but not the most dangerous threat facing Europe today. Islamic radicalization, and its call to the jihad, is only one and a very particular threat, but other forces are now attempting to undermine the stability and security of all European countries, as well as those of other countries worldwide.
The success of jihadist terrorism to create panic and to impose newer and newer security and defence measures is due to many elements. Firstly, there is great and wide propaganda on the web posted by Islamic Jihadist groups, mainly Isis, but also al-Qaeda, that speaks about the main European capitals as future targets of their jihad or holy war. They incite their fighters, even the so called “lone wolves”, to act in their national countries against “infidels” in everyday life, wherever they are, and with every kind of instrument or weapon (such as knives, cars, trucks…). At the same time, their slogans speak of the conquest of Paris, Rome, the Vatican or Big Ben. These incitements are published on the Internet, on websites, even through periodical publications of jihadist reviews on line. They have an important role in the radicalization process of individuals much more familiar with navigation on the web- above all young Muslims even those outside Muslim regions - who can take the challenge and try to act.
This fact has created global attention of analysts and journalists, as well as national security agencies. However, like flywheels, this information feeds the public fear.
Even if it is important to never underestimate every kind of threat, however, this fear is easily utilized for different purposes by political parties, especially nationalists or “sovreignists” ones in many Western countries. In fact, Islamic Terrorism is often and erroneously associated with illicit immigration in Europe, mainly from North Africa and the Middle East.
Until now, only the terrorist attacks in Paris (2015) and Bruxelles (2016) have been carried out by people linked to Isis, and coming from non-European regions. All the other bloody attacks have been carried out by European Muslim citizens or of second or even third generation immigrants. The problem is not immigration but the integration process that doesn’t work.
In my opinion, other subjects must now be considered as much more dangerous than jihadism for European as well as for all other Western countries’ domestic security. I refer to the far-right extremist groups or even white supremacist organizations. Even if they have not committed important terrorist attacks yet, and for this reason they are not considered “terrorists” by national and international law, I consider them a new threat to the domestic and international security because of their subversive arguments, their hate of “enemies” – such as Jews, black people and those have ways of life different to theirs - very similar to those of jihadist groups, and also for their links with other subversive groups around the world.
However, European terrorist lists don’t contain far-right groups, maybe because this domestic threat is more complex than the jihadist one - due to social and economic failures common to all the Western world, and also because “far-right” is the common definition of some political parties that share the democratic participation in both European and American politics.
Nevertheless, their expressions of hate are very similar to an ideology: for this reason they could very soon become a global threat to the democratic system worldwide.